Academic Publications

The Influence of Race, Gender, and Offense Severity on Probation Outcomes

Summary

This study examined the effects of race, gender, offense severity and their interactions on probation outcomes using a large sample of 117,071 probationers. Logistic regression models found race, gender, location, offense severity and risk scores significantly predicted probation failure. Interaction models showed Black and Hispanic men were more likely to fail than White women.

Key Takeaways

  • Race, gender, location, offense severity and risk scores predicted probation failure.
  • Black and Hispanic probationers were more likely to fail than Whites.
  • Interactions between race/ethnicity and gender were significant – Black and Hispanic men more likely to fail.
  • Interaction between Hispanic ethnicity and felony offense also significant.
  • Results indicate an intersectional race inequality in probation outcomes.