Americans are demanding changes to law enforcement protocols as a response to the epidemic of police misconduct. Bills are being developed at the federal, state, and local levels, with much of the legislation pointing to the murder of George Floyd as the sentinel event for the reimagination of policing.

The Center for Justice Research at Texas Southern University is playing an active role in this discussion with the formation of our National Police Reform Advisory Group, a collective of scholars, practitioners, and community members. The group’s recommendations for our Action Briefs highlight reforms that protect citizens and hold officers accountable for misconduct at all levels, while simultaneously protecting public safety.

Banning Chokeholds

Solutions for eliminating dangerous and unnecessary police chokeholds and promoting safer, more humane law enforcement practices.

Redefining Qualified Immunity

Reforming qualified immunity to hold police officers accountable for excessive use of force and misconduct is crucial for promoting justice and restoring trust in law enforcement.

Reallocation of Police Funds

Redirecting police funding towards community-based programs and services promotes public safety while addressing systemic issues in policing.

Duty to Intervene

Empowering and mandating law enforcement officers to intervene in instances of excessive use of force by their colleagues is a crucial step towards promoting accountability and improving public trust in the police.

Civilian Review Boards

Civilian review boards provide independent oversight to ensure accountability and transparency in policing.

National Police Misconduct Database

A centralized database of police misconduct records is crucial to increase transparency and accountability in law enforcement and prevent repeated

Education and Training

Police officers require ongoing education and training to promote professionalism, cultural sensitivity, and ethical behavior, leading to..

No-Knock Warrants

Adopting legislation to restrict or ban the use of no-knock warrants is a crucial step towards ensuring police accountability and protecting citizen’s

Officer Involved Shooting

Police use of force has been a topic of debate for decades. While some argue that police use of force is necessary to maintain law and order...

Driving Change: Rethinking Minor Traffic Stops to Advance Equity and Efficiency

This research brief addresses pretextual stops disproportionately affecting marginalized communities and highlights the implications of these stops on public safety, trust in law enforcement, and civil rights.

An Examination of Racial Disparity in Police Hiring Practices

America has a powerful, underutilized and often ignored workforce whose employment would be a powerful force in dismantling systemic racism.

About the Authors

Warren V. Dukes, Ph.D.

Warren V. Dukes, Ph.D.

United Way of Central Indiana

Dr. Warren V. Dukes is currently the Vice-President of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion at the United Way of Central Indiana. Formerly a Sociology Lecturer and Director of Undergraduate Programs in the Department of Sociology at Purdue University. Warren’s prior research on Black police officers gained the attention of national law enforcement executives and members of President Obama’s administration, as he was an invited participant in the President’s Task Force on the White House 21st Century Policing Briefing.
Jennier Wyatt Bourgeois, Ph.D.

Jennifer Wyatt Bourgeois, Ph.D.

Texas Southern University

Jennifer Wyatt Bourgeois is a Postdoctoral fellow at the Center for Justice Research at Texas Southern University. Jennifer has been published in the Journal of Black Studies, Lone Star Forensic’s, and Drug Science, Policy, & Law. Additionally, she has co- authored two nationally recognized reports in the areas of pretrial diversion and prosecutor caseloads.
Chris Andrews

Chris Andrews

Communications Consultant

Chris Andrews is a former journalist who covered state government in Michigan for more than 20 years. As a communications consultant, he has written extensively on criminal justice, juvenile justice, and race equity issues. He has his bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the University of Michigan.
Bezil L. Taylor, MSW

Bezil L. Taylor, MSW

Howard University - School of Social Work

Bezil Taylor previously served as a co-facilitator of the Racial and Social Justice Collaborative at Michigan State University’s School of Social Work. Bezil has experience working in nonprofit leadership and in legislative and community support roles in the Michigan Senate. He is currently a doctoral student in Howard University’s School of Social Work.
Paul Elam, Ph.D.

Paul Elam, Ph.D.


Dr. Paul Elam is the Chief Strategy Officer for MPHI, a Michigan-based and nationally engaged, non-profit public health institute. Paul is nationally recognized for his deep understanding of crime and justice, youth violence and prevention, and child maltreatment. He brings a wealth of knowledge and experience measuring racial and ethnic disproportionality and believes that sound public policy analysis should include an examination of whether all people are being treated fairly and equitably.