Examining Local Criminal Justice Systems: A Multifaceted Approach

Insights from Studies on Policing, Prosecution, Youth, and Community Perspectives

At the Center for Justice Research (CJR) at Texas Southern University, we have conducted extensive research examining various aspects of the criminal justice system in Houston and Harris County. Our studies shed light on the challenges, disparities, and complexities faced by the system. This comprehensive overview presents the key findings from our research, along with links to the full studies for further exploration.

Criminal Justice System Disparities

Findings: There has been a decline in OIS over time, a diversification in officer demographics, and officer race appears to be a minor factor compared to training. Public Significance Statement: Understanding the factors contributing to police shootings is crucial for developing effective policies and training programs to minimize the use of lethal force and improve police-community relations.

Findings: Police shooting incidents are positively associated with violent crime levels, suggesting a reciprocal relationship between the two issues. Public Significance Statement: Recognizing the complex relationship between police shootings and violent crime is essential for developing comprehensive strategies that address both issues simultaneously.

Findings: Minorities are overrepresented throughout the county’s jail system and face harsher outcomes compared to their white counterparts, emphasizing the need for reforms to ensure a more equitable pretrial process.


Public Significance Statement: Addressing racial inequities in the pretrial system is vital for promoting a fair and just criminal justice system that ensures equal treatment for all individuals, regardless of race or ethnicity.

Examining Prosecutorial Practices and Challenges

Findings: Harris County has the smallest support staff despite being the third-largest county, highlighting the need for more equitable resource distribution.

Public Significance Statement: This research underscores the importance of ensuring equitable resource distribution among prosecutors’ offices to promote a fair and efficient criminal justice system.

Findings: Marginalized groups experience disparities in the likelihood of waiving grand jury rights, underscoring the need for reforms to ensure more equitable charging decisions.

Public Significance Statement: Identifying disparities in defense decision-making during case processing is crucial for implementing reforms that promote equal treatment and fairness in the criminal justice system.

Youth and Community Perspectives

Findings: Community-driven solutions that consider the unique environments of young Black men are essential to address the root causes of gun violence in Houston.


Public Significance Statement: Engaging communities and incorporating lived experiences are critical for developing effective, tailored solutions to reduce gun violence and promote safer neighborhoods.

Findings: Black students face disproportionately high rates of disciplinary actions, emphasizing the need for a review of school discipline policies and practices.


Public Significance Statement: Addressing racial disparities in school discipline is essential for creating equitable educational environments that support the success and well-being of all students.

Findings: Consistent social stress indicators were found across all four cities, underscoring the impact of economic disparities and social determinants on crime rates.


Public Significance Statement: Understanding the role of environmental factors in crime is crucial for developing comprehensive, community-based interventions that address the root causes of criminal behavior.

Opioid Epidemic Impact

Findings: There have been alarming increases in opioid overdose deaths among Black and Hispanic communities, stressing the need for targeted interventions and support services.Public Significance Statement: Recognizing the disproportionate impact of the opioid epidemic on Black and Hispanic communities is essential for developing culturally sensitive interventions and support services to address this growing public health crisis.