Education and Training

The CJR Solution

As state, local, and federal lawmakers, mayors, law enforcement, and other key stakeholders consider advancing police reform in their respective jurisdiction, CJR recommends the following:

  1. Allocate federal, state, or local funding and benchmarks for increasing education.
  2. Advocate that law enforcement agencies develop an education standard for police officers.
  3. Develop partnerships between police agencies and mental health services, providing agencies and professionals with a guide to best practices when interacting with individuals who need specialized attention, support, and protocol due to specific mental and physical needs.
  4. Standardize universal training specific to racial profiling, bias, and mental health practices.
  5. Engage in community conversations to access citizen perspectives and community expectations.
  6. Invite the U.S. Justice Department and local agencies to work with universities.

Example Training/Education Policies:

  • City of Madison Police Department
  • State of Georgia Training Requirements
  • Massachusetts Statutory Requirements
  • Cambridge Massachusetts Department
  • Los Angeles Police Department Community Policing Unit
  • New York Police Department Community Civilian Training Program
  • Washington DC Citizens Advisory Councils

This action brief is one in a series of issue briefs offering concrete solutions to save lives, reduce police brutality, promote equal justice, and build safe, positive relations between police and the people they serve. Other action briefs cover:

  1. Ban Chokeholds
  2. Duty to Intervene
  3. Ban No-Knock Warrants
  4. Qualified Immunity
  5. Reallocation of Police Funds
  6. Education and Training


Dr. Paul Elam, Chris Andrews, Dr. Warren Dukes, Dr. Jennifer Wyatt Bourgeois, and Bezel Taylor

Suggested Citation:

TSU Center for Justice Research:

(2021). Police Reform Action Brief: National Police Misconduct Database. Texas Southern University-

Center for Justice Research.

The Center for Justice Research, at Texas Southern University, is available to discuss how they can advise on evidence-based, effective police reform policies and practices on the national, state and local levels – concrete steps that law enforcement can take to bridge the racial divide. They can be reached at or 713-313-6843.You can follow the Center for Justice Research on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram @cjresearchtsu.